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What is an “Energy Community”?
The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) offers tax credits to clean-energy projects that are sited within an “energy community.” But how does the IRA define energy communities? And are these communities indeed most vulnerable in the transition to clean energy?
As Utilities Seek to Relocate Coal Ash, Will Black Communities Bear the Burden?
The EPA’s crackdown on coal ash means more coal plants may excavate coal ash to out-of-state landfills. This could be good for the environment, while making communities like Uniontown, Alabama, feel like dumping grounds.
NACo Launches Building Resilient Economies in Coal Communities initiative
Through the support of the U.S. Department of Commerce Economic Development Administration (EDA) and the American Rescue Plan funding, the BRECC initiative will create a knowledge-sharing and peer-learning community of practice to empower local leaders and other champions to develop new ideas, approaches and fundable projects as coal communities seek to retool local and regional economies.
Canary Media: What Does 'Just Transition’ Really Mean?
"A primer on the term advocates use to describe the shift to a clean energy economy that benefits everyone."
The Remote Work Revolution is Already Reshaping America
The coronavirus pandemic set in motion a shift to remote and hybrid work that is quietly reshaping American economics and demographics.
Opinion: Inflation Reduction Act Benefits: Billions In Just Transition Funding For Coal Communities
"The IRA provides a full suite of tools to move us toward clean electricity, including critical clean energy technology tax credits...And it does it all with an eye toward the energy-dependent and rural communities that need it most.
Coal communities are changing, so a project is capturing residents’ stories
An Ohio State team has interviewed miners, power plant employees, and community members.
Share Biden-Harris Administration Releases Final Guidance on Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Abandoned Mine Land Grant Program
The Biden-Harris administration recently released final guidance for eligible states and the Navajo Nation on how to apply for the first $725 million in funding available for reclaiming abandoned mine lands (AMLs).
Quitting Oil Income Is Hard, Even for States That Want Climate Action
Dozens of state and local budgets depend heavily on tax revenue from oil, gas and coal to fund schools, hospitals and more. Replacing that money is turning out to be a major challenge in the fight against climate change.
Why Joe Biden is invoking a war power to build heat pumps and solar panels
Through a series of executive actions announced on Monday, the president plans to use the Defense Production Act to boost clean energy in the United States by putting a two-year freeze on tariffs for solar panels coming to the country from Southeast Asia.
Mining agency gets cleanup money, but no leader
More than a year into his term, President Joe Biden has not nominated anyone to lead the federal agency responsible for regulating active coal mining in the U.S. and overseeing the federal fund used to clean up abandoned coal mines.
Report: Ensuring an Inclusive Clean Energy Transition
RMI releases a report detailing a proposed recovery and revitalization framework for coal workers and communities.
Advocates praise federal guidance for abandoned mine land funding
Draft guidance prioritizes disadvantaged communities, workers, and stakeholder input.
As Energy Transition Nears, New Bill Creates an Economic Pathway for Fossil-Dependent Communities
New legislation from Senator Michael Bennet will create an endowment fund and federally-chartered corporation to support communities struggling economically due to waning extraction industry.
Opinion: Clean energy can light a new path forward for former coal communities
Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm highlights clean energy development opportunities in transitioning energy communities.
Opinion: To Seize ‘Unique Moment,’ Rural Areas Need Help Building Capacity
Federal stimulus spending and healthy state budgets are creating the chance to make real improvements in broadband, healthcare, transportation, and more. Let’s help rural communities make the most of the opportunity.
Key Players in Biden Administration's Plan for Coal, Energy Communities Talk Progress
During the recent Focus Forward 2022 conference in Morgantown, two of the key players in the administration’s goals shared their thoughts on progress so far, the work ahead and the feedback they are hearing from stakeholders on the ground.
USDA’s Rural Partners Network Targets Communities with Greatest Infrastructure Needs
“[The field staff] are going to be there so they can work on a day-to-day basis with the people to identify what the vision is for the area and how federal programs can best make that vision a reality"
A Flood of Climate Aid is Coming from Washington. Will Those who Need it Miss Out?
Advocates for communities seeking a piece of the hundreds of billions of dollars in new assistance worry that the process may be "too weighty, too heavy and too full of bureaucracy."
Decline of U.S. Coal Pressures Banks at the Core of Community Economies
Communities devastated by the collapse of U.S. coal production are also losing their bank branches, removing a catalyst for economic transition when it is most needed.
In the Southwest and Appalachia, Indigenous Organizers Want a New Economy for Their Coalfield Communities
Community organizations across the mesas and mountains are grappling with the transition happening as coal employment continues to decline.
The Achilles’ Heel of Biden’s Climate Plan? Coal Miners.
Unions representing other workers affected by climate legislation have struck deals, but opposition from coal miners has persisted, complicating the path to enactment.
Digital Equity, One Mile of Cable at a Time
How the installation of broadband internet is revitalizing hard-hit communities and rural economies.
Unlocking the Transition: Politicians tout renewable energy jobs for ex-fossil fuel workers, but it's not so simple
Experts say renewable energy jobs don't always appeal — or just aren't available — to workers who are losing their jobs to the closure of coal mines and power plants.
Reinventing coal country: Reclaiming America’s abandoned mine lands
As innovative models for reclamation unfold, and federal funding nears, there is new hope for the communities that once depended on coal mining.
Cleanup of Abandoned Mines Could Get Boost in Infrastructure Bill, Relieving Rivers
Analysis by the Associated Press indicates that $11.3 billion in funding to clean up abandoned mine lands could help rehabilitate and restore thousands of sites that pollute rivers and streams in coal communities.
Looking Back and Pointing Ahead At the Future of Coal Mining in Appalachia
WVPB’s "Inside Appalachia" program explores the economic and health impacts of coal, the industry’s past and future, and tells the story of a woman working in the male-dominated industry.
U.S. Treasury Official: Efforts to Retire Coal Plants “Critical”
While noting there are some “risks,” the U.S. Treasury’s climate counselor labels programs designed to accelerate the closure of coal plants as essential to tackling climate concerns, emphasizing new investments to close plants in developing countries.
Shouldering Coal’s Costs: Uncertain Future for Programs Addressing Coal Industry Health Impacts
Despite an epidemic of black lung disease and thousands of abandoned mine lands, funding for federal programs that help address these problems is at risk.
Biden Administration Allocates $300 Million to Coal Communities
The Coal Communities Commitment funding will go toward two programs at the Economic Development Administration.
Opinion: Repairing the Damage in Appalachia
“President Biden’s American Jobs Plan would create thousands of jobs cleaning up this mess in economically ravaged communities. But in order to ensure these are good-paying, union jobs, we have to require stronger labor provisions for reclamation projects and establish a mine reclamation jobs program within a new Civilian Climate Corps.”
Appalachian Citizens’ Law Center Calls for Federal Black Lung Protections
The Kentucky-based nonprofit law firm submitted a petition requesting a new rule that would reduce silica dust—a major cause of black lung disease —in coal mines.
In Win for Rural Areas, Federal Administrators Deny Proposal to Expand Non-Metro Definition
The proposal would have expanded the threshold of “metro” areas from 50,000 to 100,000, increasing the number of “non-metro” areas competing for federal funds designated for rural communities.
As the U.S. Pursues Clean Energy and the Climate Goals of the Paris Agreement, Communities Dependent on the Fossil Fuel Economy Look for a Just Transition
A new report identifies areas from Appalachia to Alaska that will need help to keep their employment, wages and tax bases from falling steeply as coal, oil and gas are phased out.
Coal Transition Leaders See Need for Bold Federal Policies
Encouraged by President Biden’s new working group and infrastructure plan, transition advocates are calling for community-informed policies that address a range of needs.
The Biden Administration’s Promise to Reclaim Abandoned Mine Lands
President Biden is taking steps to reclaim the country’s former coal mines, but success depends on effective regulation and administration.
Opinion: Infrastructure Bill Should Go Big for Coal Country
“The biggest possible mistake we could make would be to try and return to the coal-based economy of yesterday. The second biggest mistake would be to go small on the infrastructure bill currently under debate between Congress and the White House.”
Opinion: Infrastructure can help unite urban and rural frontline communities
Underserved residents, whether in cities or remote regions, should build bridges and stand together.
Lack of Rural Infrastructure Could Inhibit Transition Efforts
A panel of NGOs views a lack of infrastructure investment, especially in broadband, as a barrier to creating economic opportunity in coal-impacted areas.
White House Working Group Releases Initial Report on Impacted Coal Communities
Developed by President Biden’s new Interagency Working Group, the report identifies 25 priority communities, lists federal programs that communities can leverage, and includes recommendations for addressing transition challenges.
The Intersection of Just Transition and Environmental Justice
A former coal miner in Kentucky and a reverend in South Carolina find common cause in their efforts to build a green economy.
Report: Billions Needed to Support Coal Workers
A new report by the Union of Concerned Scientists and the Utility Workers Union of America estimates that coal workers need $33 billion to $83 billion in wage replacement, job training, and other types of support.
Germany’s Energy Transition Lessons for the United States
The country’s proactive approach to energy transition, including tens of billions in funding for coal-impacted regions, parallels the policy vision of U.S. transition advocates.
Opinion: American Jobs Plan Offers Welcome Focus on Rural Communities
“It’s clear the American Jobs Plan is a strong opening bid—and the details of how the money is invested and which pieces are prioritized will determine the long-term outcomes and impacts.”
Report: The Job Potential of Reclaiming Abandoned Mine Sites and Oil and Gas Wells
Two new reports from the Ohio River Valley Institute estimate that reclaiming these mines and wells would create thousands of jobs in Appalachia.
Report: The Role of Workforce Policies and Labor Standards in the Energy Transition
A new report from Resources for the Future and the Environmental Defense Fund shows how stronger workforce development policies and labor standards can help displaced fossil fuel workers succeed in a low-carbon economy.
“Can Biden Keep Coal Country From Becoming a ‘Ghost Town’?"
For nearly 60 years, presidents have promised to lift up Appalachia, but many communities remain on the brink.
Opinion: Put Unemployed Miners and Drillers Back to Work in Restoration
“Economic development focusing on restoring the land once miners leave is a natural fit for beleaguered towns suffering the latest bust. Plus, by patching up the torn landscape these communities will help clear the path for other types of economic development, such as tourism or recreation.”
President Biden Creates Working Group to Support Coal Community Transition
The new working group includes representatives from key federal agencies and will make recommendations to promote economic revitalization in America’s coal communities.
National Economic Transition Coalition Asks Biden to Address Coal Community Needs
Last month, 13 organizations—including the Just Transition Fund and community organizations across the country—outlined the need for a federal coordinating entity and greater funding for transition programs.
NET Partners Urge Biden Administration to Set Up White House Office of Economic Transition Now
With President Joe Biden officially taking power yesterday, a number of National Economic Transition coalition partners are urging the Biden-Harris Administration to take quick action to address the crises facing coal communities from Navajo Nation to Appalachia and beyond.
Report: How State Energy Efficiency Policies Can Support Rural Communities
A new report from the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy analyzes policies that are using energy efficiency to maximize energy and utility bill savings for rural Americans in states across the country.
2020 Brought More Job Loss and Bankruptcies for Coal Communities
8,000 coal workers lost their jobs in the last year, and five coal companies have gone bankrupt in the past five months.
Opinion: President-Elect Biden Must Prioritize Coal Communities—And Here’s How
“Solving this problem of large numbers of people at risk of being left behind in the transition to a clean energy economy is not just the right thing to do for people and families who have sacrificed for generations to keep the lights on—it is a necessary set of investments to ensure that the federal climate solutions we have been fighting for will be durable over time.”
Mayors Release “Marshall Plan for Middle America”
The $60 billion plan—developed by mayors from Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, and West Virginia—calls for increased federal investment in clean energy-based economic and workforce development to help heartland communities dependent on fossil fuel industries.
Opinion: Securitization A Useful Financing Tool for Transition From Coal
Securitization and other financing tools can help ease the energy transition for states and utilities, but they must be designed to address worker and community needs.
Young People Discuss the Path Forward for Their Coal-Impacted Communities
“I want to stay. I just love it here. I don’t know what living here is going to look like or how I’m going to provide income for myself and my family...But I just love the area even though we’re on such a downhill when it comes to [things] economically.”
Report Shows Potential of Coal Mine Cleanup in the West
A new report from the Western Organization of Resource Councils estimates that reclamation activities could create over 6,000 full-time jobs in Western states and provides recommendations for policymakers.
Opinion: Coal Miners Helped Shape America’s Labor Landscape. Their Industry is Fading, but that History is Worth Remembering.
“Their sweat and blood provided the ‘black gold’ that built this country’s industrial base and paved the way for many of the benefits Americans now take for granted such as an eight-hour workday, health insurance, safer workplaces and pensions for those who are still lucky enough to get them.”
Germany’s Lessons for the U.S. Coal Transition
Despite challenges of its own, the country’s approach to phasing out coal is a useful guide to how the United States can ensure a just transition for workers and communities.
Report Outlines Benefits of Environmental and Infrastructure Spending for Communities in Transition
The second report in a just transition policy series analyzes the economic impacts of federal programs for environmental remediation and infrastructure.
Coal Country Confronts Industry’s Future, Sees Solutions in Policy
As coal continues to decline, communities from West Virginia to Wyoming see a need for state and federal policy support.
Op-Ed: To Fight Climate Change, Strand Fossil Fuel Assets, Not Workers
“A national just transition policy that drives unprecedented public investment into fossil fuel-dependent communities is a moral imperative. It is also a political one if we hope to take ambitious climate action.”
Coal Country Envisions Paths Forward in Manufacturing, Reclamation, and Renewables
Communities in West Virginia and Wyoming are developing diverse industries based on their local strengths.
Report Finds High Job Creation Potential for Reclaiming the West’s Coal Mines
The Western Organization of Resource Councils estimates that coal mine reclamation “could generate approximately 4,893 to 9,786 job-years” across four western states.
Coal sites are being repurposed nationally as going concerns
Data centers and logistic hubs are finding new homes in old digs: “The stress on coalfield communities created by the transition underway in the U.S. electricity industry and globally need not be a one-way street to nowhere.”
Latest federal government outlook: Coal production will hit 40-year low in 2019
The Energy Information Administration has U.S. coal production dropping by almost 8 percent this year to a record low, according to a data set the agency began compiling in 1978.
Advocates push for inclusion of coal workers in Green New Deal
As debate builds around the Green New Deal, one question on the table revolves around potential federal legislation that would help former coal miners get back on their feet.
Analysis: Green New Deal is ‘an economic document at heart’
“This is an economic document at its heart, one that forecasts how the economy is going to need to change and establishing a path for fixing many of the problems that have accompanied past economic transitions.”
No mention of coal in State of the Union speech
“While Trump reiterated his support of the industry during last year’s address, pushing the benefits of ‘beautiful, clean coal,’ he notably failed to mention the energy source once this year.”
Commentary: ‘The gathering solar wave’
Coal is being abandoned state by state for more economical electricity generation, including “in the heart of traditional fossil-fuel bastions where energy sensibilities are sometimes erroneously stereotyped as ‘anti-renewable.’”
CloudPeak, third-biggest U.S. coal producer, is on the ropes
The third-biggest U.S. coal company has become a penny stock. "I think that they survive, but how long they can at current conditions, it's hard to say,” one industry expert said.
Commentary: ‘A recovery in domestic coal demand is not likely’
"Working to ameliorate these impacts in affected communities is likely to be a much more effective strategy than attempting to revive the coal industry with policy,” writes the author.
Coal plant trend accelerates under Trump
According to government data, more than 10 gigawatts of coal-fired power generation have shut down over the past two years in a trend that has accelerated since the Obama years.
‘Very little upside’ seen in U.S. coal past 2018
Another difficult year for the American coal industry suggests more to come as old plants are retired and replaced by cleaner, cheaper generation. “There’s very little upside,” one analyst said.
Lowest annual American coal consumption in 39 years
“Competition from increasingly abundant and affordable natural gas and renewable energy” will drive coal-plant retirements in 2018 as market forces prevail and as further coal-consumption declines are seen in 2019.
Calls in congress for a national ‘New Green Deal’
Newly-elected members of Congress are calling for aggressive federal investment in job-creating initiatives that include energy efficiency and weatherization programs, wetlands and soil restoration, sustainable agriculture and renewables-based grid modernization.
Coal industry falters in quest for workable carbon-capture technology
Costly initiatives to develop workable, economic technology to capture carbon from coal-fired generation have come up short as renewable energy and natural gas have made such work all but irrelevant.
Why coalfield workers are at risk in the short term as well as the long
Commentary: “Coal communities are caught between maintaining the status quo or making a hard shift to a different future. That kind of shift has not always been good for workers.”
No gains seen in coal jobs or production
An energy trade journal reports that the U.S. coal industry continues to struggle in the face of market shifts that favor other fuel sources: “Coal volume and coal jobs have remained fairly flat over the past two years as strong export markets have been offset by an ongoing structural decline in domestic demand.”
In campaign to preserve coal pensions, union shifts political giving to Democrats
The United Mine Workers of America has directed more than 84 percent of its campaign giving to Democratic candidates this election cycle, a sharp increase from 2016, when more donations went to Republicans. “The ‘war on coal’ narrative is basically over,” said a West Virginia political scientist. “Now the things that people are concerned about are health care and pensions ... these are the overwhelming issues that dominate their lives.”
Report: 2018 will be a record year for coal-plant closures
A study of U.S. coal markets concludes that 2018 will set a record for permanent shutdown of coal-fired plants nationally. States with sizeable closures on the horizon include Florida, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia and Wisconsin. “The competitive environment for coal-fired power in the generation marketplace is becoming ever more challenging as the price of renewables continues to fall and as natural gas prices are expected to remain low for the foreseeable future,” the author said.
Utility exec: No more ‘false promises’ to stricken communities
The CEO of Exlon Energy Corp., one of the biggest players in U.S. electricity markets, is calling for broader acceptance of market changes that are making coal—and to a lesser extent natural gas and oil—increasingly uneconomic. "We can't make false promises to parts of the country that we're going to make fossil fuel cool again,” Chris Crane said. “We have to worry about what this is going to do to the whole country.”
Poll: Rural residents have hope, and are betting on diversification
Residents of small communities across the U.S. rank financial concerns as their No. 1 worry, according to a national poll that finds workers placing their job hopes heavily in computer and technical-skills training. Attachment to community and place are also driving generational support for local development and more diversification. “Rural Americans are optimistic about the future, and they're also optimistic that things can be done to pull them out of the economic problems that they do face,” said one of the authors of a report on the poll.
Resistance from oil and gas industry puts coal bailout plant on hold
Opposition across much of the competitive energy industry to a Trump administration initiative to subsidize coal-fired electricity plants appears to have effectively killed the plan. “The problem they’ve got is every option they might consider raises the costs for somebody at a time when nobody has an appetite for increased costs anywhere,” one analyst said. “The political will to pay for it is not broadly there enough yet for them.”
Analysis: ‘Downtrend in coal consumption will continue’
Coal consumption last year by U.S. power producers hit its lowest mark since 1983 as coal’s market share of power generation fell to 30 percent from a peak of 57 percent in 1988. One analysts sees the trend as irreversible as utilities abandon coal for natural gas and renewables: “Unless the federal government steps in to ensure coal-fired power plants run, even when they are more expensive than natural gas, the downtrend in coal consumption will continue.”
U.S. utility-scale solar power activity is surging
Trump administration tariffs meant to curb expansion of the U.S. solar energy have proven ineffective, concludes a report published this week by the Wood Mackenzie Power & Renewables research group and the Solar Energy Industries Association. The two groups estimate that deals for 8.6 gigawatts of new utility-scale solar were made in the first half of the year—enough capacity to power 1.4 million homes—and said solar industry’s expansion would continue.
Survey: Deep reluctance across power-generation industry to reinvest in coal
A survey of utility industry executives reveals an industrywide reluctance to keep aging coal plants alive or to invest further in coal-fired power generation. "We will continue to focus on retiring older, less-efficient, coal-fueled units; building advanced-technology natural gas units; and investing in cost-effective, zero-carbon renewable generation,” said one utility representative in a comment that was typical of responses nationally.
Op-ed: There are better ways to spend $34 billion
Dedicating $34 billion toward a bailout of outdated modes of electricity generation isn’t in the best national interest, and federal money would be far better spent on grid cybersecurity and modernization. “Consider what else can be done with the taxpayer dollars DOE proposes the government spend to subsidize failing coal and nuclear plants,” writes the author.
Op-ed: Momentum favors renewables
Cost, energy security, environmental concerns and public health are among the reasons cleaner forms of energy are gaining on coal. Technology companies are a force as well. “The five largest publicly-traded companies in the world—Apple, Amazon, Google’s Alphabet, Microsoft and Facebook—all have corporate commitments to use 100 percent renewable energy and at least three of them have already hit those ambitious targets,” writes the author. “The eighth largest, Berkshire-Hathaway, owns one of the country’s largest utility wind and solar portfolios and is aggressively developing more renewable energy projects.”
Dwindling number of states rely primarily on coal
New research by the Energy Information Administration finds that only 18 states got more than half of their electricity from coal-powered generation in 2017, down from 28 in 2007. Nationally, natural gas accounted for 32 percent of power generation as coal’s share of the market dropped to 30 percent. “These changes have occurred as coal-fired power plants have retired or been used less and as natural gas-fired power plants have been built and used more nationwide,” the agency said.
Xcel executive: Economics are driving power-generation shift
Three forces are driving a national shift from coal to other forms of power generation, says an executive for Xcel Energy, a Minneapolis-based company that provides electricity to almost for million customers through subsidiaries in Colorado, Minnesota, New Mexico, North Dakota, Texas, South Dakota and Wisconsin. “It fundamentally comes down to economics,” said Jonathan Adelman, an Xcel vice president. “The secondary driver is customer expectations. Lastly, policy both at a state and federal level.”
U.S. power-generation industry ignores federal government efforts to save coal
Utility heavyweights that include American Electric Power, Duke Energy, Southern Company and Xcel Energy continue to invest heavily in a move away from coal-fired electricity generation. Executives at such companies say the trend will continue, regardless of recent federal policy moves to thwart it. “Reducing reliance on coal, leveraging cleaner natural gas energy and expanding renewables on our system is part of our long-term investment strategy to continue to drive carbon out of our system,” said a spokesman for Duke.
Utility executive urges West Virginians to look beyond coal
A regional executive for Dominion Energy, one of the biggest investor-owned utility companies in the country, told the West Virginia Chamber of Commerce this week that the state would do well to look beyond coal as an economic mainstay. Dominion, headquartered in Virginia, has six million customers nationally. “For years, coal was the base of everything we did,” said Bob Orndorff, a state policy director for the company. “It still has a role, but we need to talk about wind. We need to talk about solar, because the Procter & Gambles of the world want that.”
Op-ed: Modernization is the ticket to national energy security
The U.S. electricity grid needs updating, and the best path forward is toward modernization built around new sources of energy, better transmission systems, and improved cyber-security. “A more distributed energy grid, with thousands of energy generation and storage sources, will be inherently more difficult to disrupt than one built around large centralized power plants,” the authors write.
‘Trump’s new pollution rules won’t save the coal industry’
As President Trump spoke in West Virginia this week about “putting our great coal miners back to work,” his initiatives to resurrect the declining industry are falling flat. The federal Energy Information Administration’s own data shows coal-fired power generation being “crushed” by natural gas and renewables. “This is like throwing a few snowballs into a blizzard,” one industry expert said. “You might see a plant here or a plant there that benefits from the new rules. But we’re talking about very minor changes compared with the significant gap between the cost of coal and the cost of natural gas.”
Utilities’ transition away from coal is seen as lasting
“Powerful economic forces that have been pummeling the sector for years” will continue to undermine the coal industry, as analysts agree that the trend is not likely to be reversed by Trump administration policies. Utility companies, for the most part, have decided to move on. “Our strategy going forward is really focused on investment in renewables, natural gas, and other advanced technologies, including battery technology and modernizing the grid, and that strategy doesn’t really change,” said a spokesman for American Electric Power, which has over five million customers in 11 states.
Regulatory rollback on emissions unlikely to reverse decline of coal industry
A regulatory rollback proposed by the Trump administration to ease emission rules on coal-fired electricity plants is being seen as unlikely to have much effect on the declining viability of the industry. Market forces will most likely prevail, and legal challenges to the planned reversal will take years to play out. “Coal's true nemeses are innovation and economics. Fracking has made natural gas abundant and cheap. Breakthroughs in windmills, solar and other renewable technologies are making them affordable alternatives.”
Columnist: ‘The coming green wave’
A public backlash is growing against policies that promote extractive industries at the expense of businesses that rely on conservation of natural resources. “While President Trump tries to prop up the dying and dirty coal industry with taxpayer subsidies, the outdoor recreation industry has been roaring along,” writes the author. “It is a $374-billion-a-year economy, by the government’s own calculation, and more than twice that size by private estimates. That’s more than mining, oil, gas and logging combined. And yet, the centerpiece of a clean and growing industry is under attack by a president with a robber baron view of the natural world.”